A list of the Important Bird Areas (IBA's) within Pennsylvania are mapped. The section on the "Audubon At Home" program "... offers tools for creating healthy habitats for birds, wildlife, and people."
Includes references to Web sources on attracting and providing habitat for birds, including landscaping, nestboxes, and food. A range of Web links for backyard birders from a variety of sources, including the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.
"The Lab is a nonprofit membership institution whose mission is to interpret and conserve the earth's biological diversity through research, education, and citizen science focused on birds." Includes access to a database of over 700 bird species, The Birds of North America Online (requires subscription) and a section All About Birds which provides information about identification, conservation, studying and attracting birds.
Inludes information on attracting butterflies to a garden with a list of specific plants required to support the entire life-cycle of specific butterflies. A good place for exchange of information among butterfly enthusiasts.
"The Alliance for the Chesapeake Bay is a regional nonprofit organization that builds and fosters partnerships to protect and to restore the Bay and its rivers." The Alliance is involved with training, education and research to inform officials, citizens and groups about the issues and policies affecting or relating to Chesapeake Bay waters. Its Web site provides a rich list of publications on conservation landscaping, watersheds and streams both for professionals and homeowner's which affects Bay waters downstream.
The Chesapeake Bay Foundation covers the major activities and publications of its Save the Bay program. The CBF Web site includes a list of Chesapeake Bay and conservation-related Web site resources and a section on Bay-Friendly Living. This section includes general tips on landscaping, maintaining lawns, and soil erosion prevention that are friendly to the environment and ultimately the Chesapeake Bay waters.
"The Chesapeake Conservation Landscaping Council is a coalition of individuals and organizations dedicated to researching, promoting, and educating the public about conservation-based gardening and landscaping practices in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. The Council is committed to fostering changes in public attitudes and the implementation of practices that result in a cleaner, healthier and more beautiful environment benefiting residents and the region's biological diversity."
CCLC has released the document: Conservation Landscaping Guidelines: The Eight Essential Elements of Conservation Landscaping (Special Edition, Nov 2010), which is available on the CCLC Web site.
Program of the School of Natural Resources and Environment (SNRE), The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. "Promoting sustainable natural resource management through ecosystem-based teaching, research, and outreach." Web site includes a selection of reports and other information about sustainable environmental approaches.
This is a Web site sponsored by the PA Dept. of Conservation and Natural Resources. It encourages citizens to get involved personally to make a positive impact on improving the environment through their own local actions in their own home and backyard and daily living. The "Live Green" section gives tips on making more informed decisions and choices to green up our homes, gardens, and other activities. Anyone may sign up with their commitment by becoming a "PA iCon."
Click on the menu item "Conservation Science" to learn about the Nature Conservancy's scientific approaches to conservation, and find links to conservation science resources and the Nature Conservancy's online library of documents.
"Sustainable agriculture means building farms that can sustain healthy soil, produce healthy food and be profitable as well." This non-profit organization promotes policies and education to bring farmers and food consumers together in a direct interface, and to promote research and farming practices which produce nutritious foods which are healthy to consume and in harmony with the environment. Its annual conference, "field days" on working farms and Web site links and information are useful not only to farmers, but to serious gardeners and the general public.
The online version of an early 20th century garden design and gardening book emphasizing Arts and Crafts style, naturalistic garden designs. From the collection of Kellscraft Studio's Web Text-ures: Public Domain Books On-Line.
Garden and Forest was started by Charles Sprague Sargent (1841-1927), the founding director of the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University. The journal was the first of its kind to cover a wide array of related emerging disciplines at the end of the nineteenth century: landscape design, national and urban parks, and forestry.
New York, Garden and Forest Pub. Co. Coverage: Vol. 1-10 (1888-1897). Online version in the Library of Congress, American Memory, The Nineteenth Century in Print: Periodicals collection. This collection of journal volumes also includes an ancillary set of "Historical essays on Garden and Forest ".
"Since its founding, the Garden Conservancy has done more than any other national institution to save and preserve America’s exceptional gardens for the education and enjoyment of the public." The Conservancy's web site includes downloadable annual reports, newsletters and publications as well as useful information and links to other garden and preservation organizations and garden preservation news and services.
Web site of Great Dixter, the home and gardens of the garden writer and horticulturist, Christopher Lloyd. The New York Times called Mr. Lloyd the "last of a breed of manor house garden writers." Information about the house, its gardens, events and a list of articles written by Lloyd are found here.
"The Thomas Jefferson Center for Historic Plants collects, preserves, and distributes historic plant varieties." Also includes links to the Center's primary plant collections, links to garden and plant lectures and symposia sponsored by the Center and an archive of articles from its publication Twinleaf Journal.
This Web site provides several forums for gardeners to share plants through a plant/seed trade exchange, and expertise through many topical garden forums and blogs. Information abounds with an extensive plant database with member-contributed plant photographs, a botanical dictionary or "botanary," a list of member-rated garden mail-order companies, member-written reviews of favorite garden books and a "PlantScout" to help you find the vendor which stocks specific plants. Some services, such as discussion forums require a subscription; other information is provided with prior, free registration.
Includes information regarding agriculture, food and nutrition, natural resources, horticulture and gardening links both on the county and statewide level. Links to tree fruit production, master gardeners, horticulture and more, including publications and information from Penn State University, are assembled on this Web site for easy reference.
Maintained by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library. Includes resources and information about invasive plant pests and diseases and invasive plants in all environments and locations.
"... a web-based project of the Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group, that provides information for the general public, land managers, researchers, and others on the serious threat and impacts of invasive alien (exotic, non-native) plants to the native flora, fauna, and natural ecosystems of the United States."
"This guide is designed to help you implement the concepts of BayScaping in your own yard. The enlargements on the inside pages show plant types and quantities for different areas of the property. The back page features a plant list for you to use to install this design."
Look under the heading "Yard Care & the Environment Series" for sustainable and environmentally-friendly yard care and lawn care practice documents, such as weed control, fertilizing, watering and composting. Documents are available for free downloading at this Web site.
"Dedicated to protecting, conserving, and restoring Maryland's native plants and habitats."
The MNPS Web site has links to its publications, documents about native plants, non-native invasive species, native plant lists, and related resources.
"Mt. Cuba Center is a non-profit horticultural institution in northern Delaware located on nearly 600 acres. We’re dedicated to the study, conservation, and appreciation of plants native to the Appalachian Piedmont Region through garden display, education, and research. Our woodland wildflower gardens are recognized as the region’s finest."
Their Web site includes online distance learning courses on native meadow plants, orchids, ferns, hummingbirds in gardens and moss gardening, suggested book and Web site lists on native plants and naturalistic landscaping, nursery source listings, and an interactive Native Plant Finder. Their native plant database can be searched by plant name or plant characteristics such as life form (plant type and foliage), aesthetic attributes (flowers, foliage and fruit) and site conditions (sun/shade and soil requirements). Plant pictures and detailed botanical information profile each plant.
Database of approximately 6,800 North American native plants. Searches can be performed by scientific and common names or limited to specific states and plant habits (including appearance, bloom periods, light/shade, soil moistures and other requirements). One of the most comprehensive online resources for native plant information.
The PNPS Web site also includes a list of native plant sources and an extensive list of links to other native plant organizations, garden and nature centers, horticultural societies, and conservation groups.
Useful lists of native plants for conservation, restoration and landscaping, native plant nurseries, and brochures on native plants, including hedgerows (habitat corridors), and plants for woodland and butterfly gardens.
Web site managed by the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT). Primarily oriented towards sustainable agriculture and organic farming, but ATTRA's many free publications available online will be of interest and help to organic gardeners.
A comprehensive Web site on IPM, Integrated Pest Management, sponsored by The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture and The Pennsylvania State University. Provides information to identify plant pests, and monitor and treat plant pests using environmentally-sensitive approaches.
Provides links to Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA), National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT) publications on plant disease, insect, and weed management and other pest management issues. Primarily for a farming audience, but information equally applicable to home gardeners.
"Since its inception in 1978, the Gold Medal Plant Award program of The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society has recognized trees, shrubs and woody vines of outstanding merit." These plants are selected for their beauty, hardiness for Zones 5-7, and disease and pest resistance.
Combines several digital collections, including an Internet search engine of "... 46 different universities and government institutions across the United States and Canada. Over 59,000 pages of Extension fact sheets and bulletins provide a concentrated source of plant-related information." Produced by the Department of Horticulture and Crop Science at The Ohio State University.
Produced by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, "The PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories." The plant database is accompanied by an extensive photo gallery of plants and documents on weeds, invasive plants, endangered plants, plant ecology and state plant checklists. Each plant profile in the PLANTS database shows pictures if available, characteristics, distribution, botanical classification data, and plant sources and references.
"... presents data on plants that cause poisoning in livestock, pets, and humans. The plants include native, introduced, and cultivated outdoor plants as well as indoor plants that are found in Canada. ... While the Information System is oriented primarily to a Canadian audience, much of the information is useful elsewhere." List may be searched by common or botanical plant name and provides a list of other important poisonous plant Web sites.
Rain gardens are special landscaped areas designed to receive water and rain runoff to prevent erosion, improve water quality and provide wildlife habitat. It is generally an area planted with native plants. This Web site has a links to technical information developed by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and Applied Ecological Services, Inc. to design, install and build your own rain garden.
This site is a portal to information and resources on streams, watersheds, stormwater runoff, and water protection with action-oriented strategies, publications and educational materials. Included in the guide to publications for home and yard, agriculture and forestry and water and land resources are materials on rain gardens, including Rain gardens: a how-to manual for homeowners.
List of extension articles which provide how-to techniques and approaches in reducing runoff, water-wise landscapes, composting and building healthy soils, sustainable lawns, responsible use of pesticides and planting shrubs and trees.
This organization "... promotes environmentally sound landscaping practices to preserve biodiversity through the preservation, restoration and establishment of native plant communities." Includes information on selecting native plants which attract birds and wildlife and how to preserve and promote native plant communities.
A variety of helpful resources, including an extensive database of trees, which can be searched by specific type, soil, sun, hardiness zone, spread, height, or shape, tree care and planting, tree identification, pruning guide and more. Many trees may be purchased directly from the foundation; tree catalog is online.
Contains a wealth of information on attracting wildlife to your garden, including information on native plants favored by wildlife, invasive exotic plants to avoid, detailed how-to ideas on wildlife gardening and specific facts about butterfly gardening, birds and birding. Article archives and field guides on various animal species with photographs and detailed descriptions are also available.
Easy to follow step-by-step guidance in providing food, water and cover to promote wildlife and methods of sustainable gardening to maintain your garden, along with directions on how to place your garden or property in the National Wildlife Federation® Certified Wildlife Habitat program. Free tip sheets may be downloaded on wildlife gardening, creating habitat for birds and butterflies, backyard ponds and lawn reduction.
The Brooklyn Botanic Garden has assembled a list of articles on gardening methods and specific plants and techniques to attract wildlife to your garden. Articles include and go beyond birds and butterflies, and cover bees, amphibians, moths and more.