Papilio polyxenes (Eastern Black Swallowtail) on thistle

Creating Landscapes for Wildlife: Presentation

 

List of Fifteen Native Plants for Wildlife:

Primarily Bees, Birds, Butterflies/Moths & Hummingbirds

 

 

Instructor: Gary Huggens, Landscape Designer

garyhuggens@hortuscapes.com
www.hortuscapes.com

 

© Gary D. Huggens, 2008. Except where where credited to others, all photographs and text are by
Gary Huggens, and use or reproduction are prohibited, unless permission is granted.


Fifteen Native Plants for Wildlife

  Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorne (Tree)

Tree: 25'-30' Ht. x 20'+ spread. Well-drained soil. Full sun.
Landscape value: Orange/red fall leaf color; striking red pome fruit.
Wildlife value: Cover, nesting site, food for birds.
Note: Thorns--part of the Rosaceae family.

Crataegus phaenopyrum (Washington Hawthorne); Tree

  Malus spp., Flowering Crabapple (Tree)

Tree: Size variable with species. Usually 12'+ Ht. x 10'+ spread. Well-drained soil. Full sun.
Landscape value: White, pink or red-colored, fragrant flowers; small red fruit.
Wildlife value: Cover and food for birds.

Malus species (Flowering Crabapple); Tree

  Amelanchier arborea, Downy Serviceberry (Shrub/Tree)

Shrub/Small Tree: 15'-25' Ht. x variable spread. Moist or dry soils. Full sun to part shade.
Landscape value: Ornamental, white flowers; orange/red fall color; striking red pome edible fruit.
Wildlife value: Cover, nesting site, food for birds.

Amelanchier arborea (Downy Serviceberry); Shrub/Tree

  Ilex verticillata, Common Winterberry (Shrub)

Shrub: 6'-10' Ht. x similar spread. Adapts to wet conditions. Full sun to part shade.
Landscape value: Magnificent red berries persist into winter
Wildlife value: Cover and food for birds
Note: Requires male and female plants for fruit set.

Ilex verticillata (Common Winterberry); Shrub

  Viburnum dentatum, Arrowwood Viburnum (Shrub)

Shrub: 5'-9' Ht. x 5'-9'+ spread. Well-drained soils. Full to part shade.
Landscape value: Attractive, white flat-topped cyme flowers; red to purple fall leaf color; blue-black fruit; good screening shrub.
Wildlife value: Cover and food for birds.

Viburnum dentatum (Arrowwood Viburnum); Shrub

  Campsis radicans, Trumpet Vine (Vine)

Vine: 30'-40' length with side branchings. Grows in rich to poor soil. Full sun to part shade.
Landscape value: Orange to red trumpet-shaped flowers.
Wildlife value: Nectar-seeking creatures, especially hummingbirds.
Note: Rampant grower, and will need to be pruned back.

Campsis radicans (Trumpet Vine)

  Asclepias spp., Milkweed species (Perennial)

Perennial: 1'-4' Ht. depending on species. Moist soil. Sun.
Landscape value: Rose, red, pink flowers
Wildlife value: Larval host and/or nectar source for Monarch butterflies;
  Bees and nectar-seeking insects.
Note: A. syriaca, Common Milkweed; A. tuberosa, Butterfly Weed, 24"-30" Ht.,
  Orange, red, or yellow flowers

Asclepias syriaca (Common Milkweed); Perennial

  Liatris aspera, Rough Blazing Star, Tall Gayfeather (Perennial)

Perennial: 3'-6'Ht.. Drought tolerant. Sun.
Landscape value: Attractive late summer pink or purple flower.
Wildlife value: Nectar source for butterflies.
Note: Many other Asteraceae (Aster Family) plants attract butterflies.
  An alternative: Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (New England Aster)

Liatris aspera (Rough Blazing Star, Tall Gayfeather); Perennial

  Echinacea spp., Coneflower species (Perennial)

Perennial: 2'-3'+ Ht. Dry soil. Sun to part shade.
Landscape value: Attractive, long-lasting flowers of varying colors and petal types.
Wildlife value: Nectar source for butterflies, hummingbirds, bees.
Note: Variety of cultivars available. One popular species:
  Echinacea purpurea, (Eastern purple coneflower)

Echinacea spp. (Coneflowers); Perennial

  Foeniculum vulgare cv., Bronze Sweet Fennel (Perennial)

Perennial: 4' Ht. Drought tolerant. Full sun to part shade.
Landscape value:Attractive plant architecture; sturdy perennial; yellow cyme flowers.
Wildlife value: Larval host plant for Swallowtail butterflies; food source for bees.
Note: Culinary and medicinal uses.

Foeniculum vulgare cv. (Bronze Sweet Fennel); Perennial

  Monarda didyma, Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm (Perennial)

Perennial: 3' Ht. Wet, moist soil. Sun, part shade or shade.
Landscape value: Showy scarlet red flowers contrasted with lime to yellow/green leaves.
Wildlife value: Nectar source for hummingbirds and bees.

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm); Perennial

   Phlox spp., Phlox (Perennial)

Perennial: 2'-3'Ht. Moist soil. Sun.
Landscape value: Leaf foliage and long-lasting flowers. Color varies with species:
  lavender, blue, white, red or pink.
Wildlife value: Nectar source for bees, hummingbirds, butterflies and moths.

Phlox spp. (Phlox); Perennial

  Rudbeckia hirta, Black-eyed Susan (Annual/Perennial)

Annual/Perennial: 1'-2' Ht. Moist, well-drained soils. Sun, part shade or shade.
Landscape value: Conspicuous, long-lasting yellow flowers. Dark green leaf foliage.
Wildlife value:Food source for birds and butterflies. Larval host for:
  Gorgone Checkerspot and Bordered Patch butterflies.

Rudbeckia hirta (Black-eyed Susan); Annual/Perennial

  Schizachyrium scoparium, Little Bluestem (Perennial Grass)

Perennial Grass: 18"-24" grows to 3' Ht. Dense clumps. Dry conditions. Sun to part shade.
Landscape value: Attractive blue-green stems which become mahogany-red in fall
  with white, shimmering seed tufts.
Wildlife value: Small mammals, birds, butterflies, larval host for Skippers.
  Provides grazing, cover, and nesting sites.

Schizachyrium scoparium (Little Bluestem); Perennial Grass

  Solidago altissima, Canadian goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod (Perennial)

Perennial: 2'-4'Ht. Moist soil. Sun, part shade or shade.
Landscape value: Grows in tall colonies with attractive pyramidal flowers
  in late summer to fall.
Wildlife value: Attracts birds and butterflies.

Solidago altissima (Tall Goldenrod); Perennial